The European Union is not today democratic. There is not a separation of powers: the Union's executive organ is given legislative; the Council of the European Union (also known as the Council of Ministers) is a legislative organ, while it is at the same time a meeting-place of national executives.
We wish to affirm the primacy of the peoples, as the irreplaceable sources of democratic legitimacy and of citizens’ equal participation by men and by women, as the fundamental democratic principle in making decisions that concern them.
A democratic refounding process has to be set in motion, in which the peoples and citizens must play the principle role to construct a democratic and social Europe, in order for the political and citizens’ choices to take precedence over the laws of the market-place and of the profit motive.
The Europe that we are projecting will be a Union of Peoples , it will be built in the name , by and with its peoples, democratically organized at all levels.
The end of the democratic deficit of European institutions will begin when, within a political constitution of Europe, we are able to really proclaim “We, the Peoples of Europe” rather than “We, the States of Europe”.
The progressive passage from a Europe of States to a Europe of united peoples, organized in a truly creative way, must therefore be marked by political institutions that acquire their legitimacy through the will of the peoples, expressed directly through consultations or popular initiatives, or indirectly through the election of representative European assemblies, either with the participation of European citizens at the different levels (local, regional, national, etc.) or in the various political and social jurisdictions where collective decisions concerning them are made.
Our European constitutional democracy therefore constitutes a novel political entity. Political representation in the European space is a multi-level democracy and includes the representation of the peoples, of countries, of regions, of local communities. A transnational democracy is founded moreover on the non-hierarchical cooperation between these different levels. It follows that the structuring of the institutions must be founded on dialogue and cooperation between equals, rather than on the hierarchy between different political or jurisdictional, national and European authorities.
At each point, citizens intervene in the important political, economic and social decisions. For this, they elect and control their representatives. At each level of competence, the government organs are responsible to the representative institutions.
They must exercise the legislative initiative and political control – in association with the citizens and national, regional and local institutions.
For a true democratic Europe, the right to information and the freedom of communication must be treated as fundamental collective and individual political rights. These guarantee their autonomy to communicate, to inform themselves, to develop freely as well as to participate on an equal footing in the information and communication networks in the European public sphere.